Beekeeping

Tanzania: Forest services push for high productivity beekeeping and agriculture model

Mara — The Tanzania Forestry Services (TFS) has advised Tanzanians to embark on a model of beekeeping and crop cultivation for increased productivity.

TFS environmentalists recently told the ‘Daily News’ that the model guarantees high honey production and harvests are a guarantee because apart from collecting pollen for honey production, the pollination process is also crucial for the plant reproduction.

Mr. Afidh Ally, TFS Butiama District Ecologist, said that when bees forage in plants, the pollination process that takes place encourages not only high yields but also quality produce.

“At the same time, honey production is also guaranteed through the availability of food for bees from plants,” he said.

The beekeeping and farming model should be conducted at least six kilometers away from people’s residences, to avoid any possible harm from bees to people and livestock, he said.

The system also involves a “bee house”, through which the hut must be installed in the middle of the farm for the accommodation of the hives.

The hut must be well constructed for safety reasons as the bees do not need any disturbance otherwise they leave the area completely, Ally said, adding that the disturbance could be caused by passers-by or animals, like badgers, whose favorite food is honey.

Beekeepers must also control destructive insects, including ants, which seriously disturb bees.

To control insects, beekeepers have been advised to have commercial hives, in which two to three hives are stacked and placed on a platform/stage. The post of the platform should be fixed by the gut-shaped device, at the bottom, with the vehicle oil to (oil) trap the insects when they go to the hives.

TFS Lake Zone Publicity Officer Mr. Pius Mbilla added that commercial hives are giving way to mass production since the hives are available at the same location.

He explained that the mass production is due to the fact that the eggs and the larvae are only housed in the first hives where the queen bee lives.

Such a first hive on stilts has what is called a “queen excluder” to prevent the queen from moving to other hives where she can also lay eggs and therefore minimize production.

“Nothing more can take place where there is such a leader of bees, but only egg-laying, larvae and queen service activities. That is why we prevent him from entering the other hives,” Mr Mbilla said.

However, production in the first two hives only takes place if the workers receive the queen pheromone, which is a command, in terms of smell, to tell beekeepers what to do at a certain time.

The pheromone encourages beekeeper production assuming they have their leader.

“That’s because no swarm of bees can function without being charged by a leader. That’s why we encourage a small number of commercial hives on a pile to make pheromone penetration possible,” he said. he declares.